Most recently updated on January 3, 2022
Originally posted on March 26, 2021
There’s not much actual driving time today, but there’s a lot to see at our final destination.
So, today’s virtual adventure begins by taking Highway 70 south out of Sweetwater until it merges with Highway 277.
The town was founded in the 1860s across the river from the Fort Concho army post. This facility was one of several dozen forts built in Texas to help protect the region against attack from local tribes. It was built in 1867 and deactivated in 1889.
At the Fort Concho National Historic Landmark near the center of town, the history of the 40-building fort that once covered 1,600 acres is on display. That includes the history of the fort’s calvary units, mounted troops and Black enlistees who were known as “Buffalo Soldiers.” Those units consisted of African-American soldiers recruited after the Civil War to protect settlers, stagecoaches and railroad crews as well as capture cattle rustlers in the Western frontier.
As it grew, San Angelo developed into a trade center for ranchers and farmers. It eventually became a major cattle market as well as the largest sheep market in the country, known especially for its inland wool and mohair products.
The city was also known as a somewhat lawless town with brothels, saloons and gambling houses. It was apparently wild enough that soldiers at Fort Concho would not leave their fortress after dark. Miss Hattie’s Bordello Museum near downtown recounts the history of one brothel that opened in 1902 and actually operated until 1952 when it was shut down by Texas Ranger investigators.
In the early 1900s, people with tuberculosis were sent to a treatment center in San Angelo to recover in the area’s warm weather.
Goodfellow Air Force Base was established during World War Two to train pilots. The base is still on the eastern side of town and is utilized mostly for military intelligence training as well as to provide firefighting instruction for all branches of the military.
In the mid-1900s, the city was also a regional outpost for telephone companies.
Today, San Angelo’s economy is mostly driven by the oil industry from the nearby Permian Basin. Companies here provide services for those working in the oil fields. There’s also more than 100 manufacturing firms making products such as denim jeans and electronics.
Cattle remains a major economic component.
The Producer’s Livestock Auction is the largest sheep and goat market in the United States. The San Angelo Stock Show and Rodeo, which began in 1932, hosts one of the world’s largest rodeos in terms of contestant entries.
The San Angelo YMCA is a busy contributor to the community here. In late March 2021, the organization launched a child hunger program at three Head Start centers to provide food for youngsters on weekends. The project is being funded by a $25,000 grant from Atmos Energy. You can read more about hunger in the United States in this special Spotlight feature on our site.
Hall of fame pitcher Greg Maddux is one of eight Major League Baseball players from San Angelo. Maddux was born here in 1966.
Actor Matthew McConaughey is part of the culture in this area of Texas. His brother owns a ranch about 45 miles outside of town. McConaughey provided a thrill for employees at the San Angelo Whataburger in 2019 when he showed up at the drive-thru window to order some hamburgers. Yes, he did his “Alright, alright, alright.”
As we reach the south side of San Angelo, we turn east on Highway 87 and see more of the countryside that McConaughey must still enjoy.
A little more than an hour later, we reach the town of Brady.
We are truly in the heart of Texas as Brady is near the geographic center of the state and incorporates that fact into its marketing efforts.
The Fort Worth and Rio Grande Railway arrived in 1903 with the Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe Railroad coming through in 1912.
The town is known for its world championship goat barbecue cookoff held during Labor Day weekend. The 2021 event was held from September 3 to September 5. More than 13,000 people from all over Texas attend the event in a typical year.
You can make good time as you continue south on Highway 87 in the midst of Texas Hill country.
This region of the state features the rugged limestone hills that separate the coastal plains from the Edwards Plateau. It’s known for ranching and farming but also has a tourism component due to its available hunting, fishing and camping.
About an hour out of Brady, we approach the city of Fredericksburg.
Unlike a lot of other Texas towns on our route, this community of 11,000 people is predominantly Caucasian. About 70 percent of residents are listed as white while 27 percent are Hispanic. The median age is 48 with a median annual household income of $52,000. The poverty rate is under 10 percent.
During the past century, a teacher and a first lady have had unexpected influences on Fredericksburg’s economy.
In 1921, Benjamin Lester Enderle, who taught math and science at the local high school, planted five peach trees on his 14-acre property just east of town.
Using his scientific knowledge, he developed a durable variety of peach that could withstand shipping. By 1925, he and his wife had several hundred trees on their land.
Enderle was a charter member of the Gillespie County Peach Growers Association and is credited with starting the peach industry in central Texas.
Fredericksburg also became a center for wildflower seeds after some inspiration from Lady Bird Johnson. The former first lady had an affinity for the environment since she was a child. After her husband, President Lyndon Johnson, left the White House she continued those efforts.’
In the early 1980s, John R. Thomas owned a turf seed business in Fredericksburg area. At that time, he started to notice people stopping on highways to admire the wildflowers.
So, Thomas established Wildseed Farms in 1983 a little southeast of Fredericksburg. It now is a 200-acre facility and is the largest working wildflower farm in the United States. The facility has walking trails through its wildflowers that the public can enjoy at no charge.
Lady Bird Johnson used to visit the farm several times a month. One of her favorite flowers, the showy primrose, is planted in her honor at the front of the property.
The Peach Basket General Store in downtown Fredericksburg is a good mix of Thomas’ and Enderle’s passions.
The store was established in 1977 to sell peaches from local orchards. It has evolved into a general store that sells a variety of peaches as well as peach salsa, peach candles and peach hand soap. It also carries wildflower honey, whole bean coffee and even its own brand of cannabidiol.
Near the store is the National Museum of the Pacific War. It’s the only museum in the continental United States focused on the oceanic battles with Japan during World War Two.
The 50,000-square-foot complex set on 6 acres has exhibits that include a gallery devoted to Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, commander of the Pacific fleet, as well as a Pacific Combat Zone theater and a Plaza of Presidents.
The museum is here for the simple reason that Admiral Nimitz was born in Fredericksburg in 1885.
Fredericksburg was founded by German immigrants in 1846 and named after Prince Frederick of Prussia. The first 120 settlers planted corn and built storehouses as new groups of German transplants arrived.
The demographics of the town began to diversify with the arrival in 1913 of the San Antonio, Fredericksburg and Northern Railroad. It eventually became a manufacturing center for products such as furniture, cement and mattresses. The town also developed a tourist trade with its hunting and fishing.
You can also see the early German influence at a number of businesses downtown, including the Gastehaus Schmidt and Haussegen Platz lodging facilities as well as the Hoffman Haus bed and breakfast inn.
Tourism is still a big industry in Fredericksburg. That sector of the economy suffered during the COVID-19 pandemic last year, but in March 2021 local merchants reported that business was rebounding at a healthy clip. Businesses remained fully open in August 2021 as the city celebrated its 175th anniversary.
We continue southward on Highway 87.
It doesn’t take long to meet up again with our old friend Interstate 10 and head east to San Antonio.
An hour after departing from Fredericksburg, we reach this city of 1.5 million people. The Texas metropolis is now the seventh most populous city in the United States and the second most populated in Texas, behind only Houston.
Nearly 65 percent of San Antonio’s residents are listed as Hispanic with 24 percent counted as white and almost 7 percent listed as Black.
That population is expected to continue to grow at a rapid pace.
A report in May 2020 revealed that San Antonio had the second largest population growth of any city in the United States.
Another report in 2019 revealed that Bexar County, which consists of San Antonio and its surrounding areas, could add another 1.1 million residents by 2040. The report estimated the city would need to add 520,000 new housing units as well as an adequate number of jobs for the new arrivals.
It’s a daunting task for a city already dealing with some economic issues.
The median annual household income is $53,000 with a poverty rate of 17 percent. San Antonio incomes are $7,000 below the median for the state of Texas. The lower incomes are offset somewhat by a cost of living that is 10 percent below the national average.
There is also the issue of housing affordability. The median price for a single-family home here is close to $208,000, about 37 percent below the national average. However, a 2018 report noted that housing prices in San Antonio had doubled since 2005 while incomes had risen only 40 percent.
San Antonio was also part of the group of Texas cities housing some of the thousands of unaccompanied migrant children who are showing up at the U.S./Mexico border. In late March 2021, federal officials said more than 2,700 beds were being prepared at the Freeman Coliseum as well as the Joint Base San Antonio-Lackland. In mid-April, a second shelter with 372 beds was opened at the facility. In late May, it was announced that the Freeman center would close in early June.
Before we get too settled here, let’s get a wide perspective of the city.
For that, we stop at the Tower of the Americas near downtown. The tourist attraction is basically a 750-foot tower that includes exhibits as well as a 4D theater. However, the main selling point is the 360-degree observation deck where you can see all of San Antonio in every direction.
In 1731, a group of 56 people from 16 families from Spain’s Canary Islands emigrated to San Antonio. They reportedly brought with them their recipes for chili. The spicy dish was later popularized in the late 1800s by the city’s “Chili Queens,” women who sold their chili con carne from open pots in the city’s plazas. Historians credit this chili culture as being one of the origins of the Tex-Mex style of cooking as well as the food trucks that are popular today.
San Antonio was established during the Spanish Colonial Era with five missions built along the river that flows through town.
One of those missions was the Alamo, which sits just a few blocks north of the Tower of the Americas.
The circumstances that led the famous battle there began in December 1835 when a group of Texan combatants took control of the complex, which had been converted to a fort, during Texas’ battle for independence from Mexico.
The Mexican armed forces retaliated a few months later. From February 23 to March 6, 1836, a battle raged between 200 Texans holed up inside the Alamo against thousands of Mexican soldiers led by Gen. Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna.
Eventually, the Mexican forces overwhelmed the fort and all the Texans inside were killed. The casualties included Davy Crockett, the frontiersman and former congressman, and Jim Bowie, the inventor of the knife that bears his name.
“Remember the Alamo” was a battle cry for Texans as they eventually drove out Mexico’s forces and established an independent republic that lasted for about 10 years before Texas became part of the United States.
A U.S. military presence was established during the 1840s and the armed forces are still a major part of the city. Fort Sam Houston, which first opened in 1878, is the headquarters of the U.S. Fifth Army. Three Air Force bases are also nearby. About 85,000 military personnel now live in the San Antonio area.
San Antonio also has a cattle history. In the latter part of the 1800s, the region was a starting point for the Chisholm Trail, making it a center for herds being transported to Kansas. One of the ranchers was Samuel Maverick, who let his unbranded cattle roam the countryside in the 1840s. Cattle without a brand was rare then, so his livestock were labeled as “mavericks.” That phrase eventually became the present day term to describe someone who is an independent thinker.
The arrival of the railroad in 1877 prompted more growth. By 1900, five railroads were crossing the town.
The train service sparked a boom in manufacturing. In the 1880s, the city had a large flour mill, an iron works, a brewery and a cement manufacturer. Between 1880 and 1890, the number of factory jobs grew from about 360 to more than 2,500.
Agriculture also began to prosper. Between 1880 and 1920, the number of farms in the region increased by 300 percent. Farm acreage more than doubled.
Processing and shipping facilities expanded to accommodate the agricultural industry.
Agriculture, especially cotton production, continued to flourish in the 1920s.
However, the Great Depression of the 1930s cut deeply into farm production. So did an invasion of the boll weevil. Commerce and industry also took a serious hit.
It was, however, during the depression that Fritos corn chips were invented here. In was in this depressed economy that Charles E. Doolin, a shop owner in town, began looking for a cheap snack to sell since sales of tortillas were decreasing. He stumbled upon a Hispanic man who was selling small fried corn chips called “fritos” at a gas station.
Doolin bought the patent and began making Fritos from his kitchen as his mother perfected the recipe. He even developed a special hybrid of corn that he paid local farmers to grow. Doolin opened a Casa de Frito in Disneyland in 1955 as well as a similar restaurant in Dallas. Before his death in 1959, Doolin partnered with Herman Lay and they developed the Frito-Lay brand. The rest is snack food history.
World War Two brought an economic revival as the city’s military establishments expanded and powered up.
In addition, a large portion of trade between Mexico and the United States passes through on the freeways that crisscross San Antonio.
The city has made a significant investment in upgrading its infrastructure with voters approving $1 billion in bonds between 2010 and 2020 to fix roads, libraries and other services.
In addition, the city has put a major emphasis on reviving and renewing its downtown sector.
There’s plenty to see in the core of San Antonio.
Among other things, the downtown is part of the city’s large tourism industry that brings nearly 40 million visitors to town in a typical year and generates an economic impact of $15 billion.
One of the chief components of the tourism efforts is the River Walk. This pedestrian-oriented system consists of 15 miles of walking and biking paths that follow the San Antonio River through downtown. There are also boats that float down the canal.
The channel began as a flood control project in the 1920s. The first section of the walkway was completed in 1941. The walkways are actually one level below the city streets. The walk has been constantly upgraded and is now the largest urban ecosystem in the country.
An island near the Hotel Contessa is one of the main attractions along the walkway. The heart-shaped isle is actually a “root ball” of a cypress tree planted 100 years ago. It’s now the site of 360 weddings in a typical year and has earned the nickname “Marriage Island.”
The island is said to bring good luck to the couples who wed there.
For dinner, a popular area is The Pearl, a 22-acre district a couple miles north of downtown that’s filled with trendy restaurants and upscale shops. The Pearl district began in the 1880s, driven in large part by the presence of the Pearl Brewing company.
The redevelopment of The Pearl district began in 2001 after Pearl Brewing closed its doors. It’s developed into a hip neighborhood along the San Antonio River with more than 300 apartments, 13 retailers and 15 restaurants as well as museums and a botanical garden.
One dinner option is the Southerleigh Fine Food & Brewery, which prides itself on its coastal and southern cuisine as well as its craft beers.
Among the buildings in The Pearl is the new headquarters for Credit Human, a facility that uses geothermal energy and is labeled as the greenest building in San Antonio. The complex gets its heat from 150 geothermal wells installed on the site.
San Antonio boasts of a number of home-grown celebrities.
One of them is comedian Carol Burnett, who was born here and lived in the West Side neighborhood until she was 7.
Oliver North, a retired lieutenant colonel who served in the Reagan administration, spent 17 years as a Fox News contributor and for one year was president of the National Rifle Association, was born in San Antonio.
Norah O’Donnell, the CBS Evening News main anchor, grew up in San Antonio and attended MacArthur High School.
We’ll call it a wrap on Day 7.
Tomorrow, it’s a south-to-north trek passing through the state capital, a town revived by a home improvement show and a center for college cheerleading with our finish line at the Big D.